SOUTH ASIAN JOURNAL OF POPULATION AND HEALTH; Vol - 5, No - 1 & 2

DETERMINANTS OF AWARENESS OF AND ATTITUDE TOWARDS HIVAIDS: A STUDY IN BANGLADESH

Written by:M. RAKIBUL ISLAM, MOHAMMAD AMIRUL ISLAM and MD. ALAMGIR KABIR

This study explores the determinants of awareness of and attitude towards HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh using a purposive sample (N=1386) covering all the administrative divisions of Bangladesh. Analysis suggested that 78.4% of the respondents had ever heard of FHV/AIDS. Respondents mentioned "unsafe sex" and "use of HIV contaminated blood" as the main routes of HIV/AIDS transmission. More than half of the respondents showed negative attitude towards HIV/AIDS. Regression analysis revealed that respondents who aged less than 20 years, male, unmarried, from urban areas and had secondary education or above were more likely to be aware of HIV/AIDS. While respondents who were aged less than 20 years, non-Muslims, had higher than secondary education, from areas and had reported at least one mass media (radio/television/newspaper) as of HIV/AIDS information were more likely to show positive attitude towards MV/AIDS. The study recommended the effective use of mass media in HIV/AIDS campaign

GENERALIZED QUASILIKELIHOOD APPROACH FOR ANALYZING ANTENATAL CARE SEEKING BEHAVIOR IN BANGLADESH

Written by:MOHAMMAD WHOSSAIN, TASLIM S. MALLICK and WASIMUL BARI

In this paper, we analyze the binary longitudinal data collected by Bangladesh Institute of Research for Promotion of Essential and Reproductive Health and Technologies (BIRPERHT) to identify the potential determinants of antenatal care seeking behavior in Bangladesh. The maximum likelihood procedure is very complicated for the longitudinal setup. For this reason, we employ the generalized quasilikelihood (GQL) approach (Saturday, 2003) by considering the true longitudinal correlation structure to estimate the regression effects consistently as well as efficiently. The method of moments is used to estimate the longitudinal correlation parameters.

STUDIES ON SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC CONDITION, HEALTH AND NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF THE SELECTED-BREAST CANCER PATIENTS OF BANGLADESH WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO DIETARY HABITS

Written by:KHURSHEED JAHAN, ABDULLAH IBN MAFIZ, EFFAT ARA and MD. AMINUL HAQUE BHUYAN

Recent global cancer statistics indicate rising incidence of breast cancer, making it the commonest cancer not only in developed countries but in developing world too. A cross sectional study was carried out among seventy female breast cancer patients aged between 30-60 years. In this study 84.3% patients were housewife, 91.4% were Muslim, 84.3% were married, 88.6% were multiparous and 28.6% having positive family history of breast cancer. More than 50% of breast cancer patients were obese and 82.4% cancer patients were anemic. Here dietary intake was analyzed in terms of food frequency per week. It was observed in that the consumption of cruciferous vegetables (4%) was the lowest among all vegetables (non-cruciferous 65%, leafy vegetables 14%) at 4-6 days/week. Fish consumption was highest (72%) compare to meat (8%), egg (2%), milk and milk products (4%) at 4-6 days/week. Intake of vitamin C rich fruits was the lowest (3%) compare to non-citrus fruits (10%) at 4-6 days/week. Intake of cookies was highest (32%) compare to fried foods (15%) at 46 days/week. Sugar intake was highest (30%) at 1-3 days/week. It was also observed that the consumption of cereals and fats and oils were 100% among breast cancer patients. The important finding was about 60% of cancer patients never consumed cruciferous vegetables and 50% never consumed citrus fruits.

COMMUNITY BASED ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS OF UNDER-5 CHILDREN IN SOUTH-WEST REGION OF BANGLADESH

Written by:A NANNUR RAHMAN, U K PRODHAN, TAUFIQ ELAH and M M HAQUE

The most vulnerable groups, of malnutrition in population are children, pregnant women and lactating mother in Bangladesh. This study represents the findings of the nutritional profile of under-5 years children and to correlate different factors with malnutrition conducted on 400 children in South-West region of Bangladesh. A cross sectional survey was carried out to determine nutritional status by anthropometric measurement, MUAC measurement and bio-chemical assessment. This study showed that about 30.0% of the children were severely underweighted, (-3 SD) and 37.0%, 11.0% were moderately, mildly underweighted and only 25.0% were well nourished (using weight for age indicator). The prevalence of severe stunting (<-3 SD) were found in the sample data about 29.0%, while the prevalence of moderate, mild stunting and well nourished were 35.0%,10.5% and 24.0% respectively (using height for age indicator). According to weight for height indicator amongst all the children 34.0%, 29.0%, 13.0% were found as moderately, severely, mild wasted respectively and 22% - were well nourished. By using Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC) 30.0%, 37.75%, 11.25% were severely, moderately, mildly malnourished respectively and 21.0% were wellnourished. In the study 27.0% children were found to be severe anemic, 39% children were found to be moderately anemic and 21.50% were no anemic. In this study the important contributory factors for the prevalence of severe and moderate malnutrition are poor family income, unsanitary living condition, lack of safe drinking water, presence of food taboos among mothers, lack of mother's education, very low money spent on baby food purposes per month and presence of infectious diseases.

A STUDY ON THE NUTRITIONAL STATUS AND SOCIO - ECONOMIC CONDITION OF THE SELECTED RICKSHAW PULLER IN DHAKA CITY

Written by:ABDULLAH IBN MAFIZ, MD. IFTEKHARUL ISLAM, A. Z. M. SHAFIULLAH and KHALEDA ISLAM

A cross sectional study was conducted to observe the nutritional status and socioeconomic conditions of rickshaw puller in Dhaka Metropolitan city. The study was conducted on randomly selected 103 rickshaw pullers in Dhaka engaged in pulling rickshaw ranging between 20 to 45 years of age. The mean age of the respondents was 30.81 years. While considering BMI, the mean BMI of the rickshaw puller was 19.45. According to BMI 63.1 % of the respondents were found to be normal, 28.2% were found mild thinness, 7.8% were found moderate thinness and 1.0% was found severe thinness, where nobody was found overweight. Average monthly income of the respondents was 7586 tk. and average family member was 5.18. According to Chi-square test nutritional status is significantly related with the time of pulling rickshaw daily, education level, family size, living place of family members, monthly income of the respondent, monthly saving of the respondent, latrine type and housing type of the respondents. According to Pearsons' correlation nutritional status is significantly related with actual family member and actual income of the rickshaw puller.

FACTORS AFFECTING SMOKING HABITS OF MALE STUDENTS IN A PUBLIC AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY OF BANGLADESH

Written by:M. N. HASAN, M. MUJIBUR RAHMAN and MD. ROSHIDUL HASAN

This study is to assess the factors affecting prevalence of smoking among the male students of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU) in Bangladesh. The overall prevalence of smoking was 38.3% among the students. Peer influence and tension are main factor for initiation of smoking. Self desire enough for quitting smoking reported maximum smoker (21.7%) and non smoker (26.7%). Age, academic study level, student's monthly income and father or guardian education level were the significant positive correlates of smoking. Multivariate logistic regression revealed significantly higher odds ratio (OR) of smoking habit- among students whose father or, guardian's educational levels are higher compare to those whose father or guardian's educational level is up to SSC. Similarly smoking tendency is nearly 3 times higher among students whose father or guardians have smoking habit compared to those not having this habit. Our findings suggest that parents should be aware enough for their smoking habit and should encourage their children to avoid, with those friends having smoking habit. Broadcasting the bad impacts of smoking through mass Media with the help of documentary films to aware students is essential. Simultaneously interventional and preventive measures must be taken by the policy makers, public health experts and other stake holders.

EXPLORING THE EXTENT AND DETERMINANTS OF KNOWLEDGE AND ATTITUDES OF SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED INFECTIONS (STIS) AMONG ADOLESCENT WOMEN IN BANGLADESH

Written by:DHANESWAR CHANDRO SARKAR

The issue of adolescence is being recognized as one of the major determinants of human development concerning physical, psychological, emotional, social, economical, sexual health as well as it's associated problems. Therefore, adolescent sexually transmitted infections (STI) deserve special attention. The knowledge and attitudes of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescent women is of most important for better life quality for both mothers and the next generation. The present studies aimed at exploring the extent and determinants of knowledge and attitudes of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) among adolescent women in Bangladesh. The results from the bivariate and multivariate analysis revealed the importance of women's education in explaining the knowledge of STIs among women. There seems to have strong positive association between education and other outcome variables e.g. knowledge, symptom, syphilis or gonorrhea, and there treatment seeking behavior. The analyses also demonstrate that wealth index, of the adolescent women plays an important role to knowledge of STIs and attitudes of adolescent women. By improving women education and socio-economic: status along with their empowerment and expressing the importance of the knowledge of symptom of STIs on mass media, the knowledge and attitudes of STIs can be enhanced among adolescent women in Bangladesh.